Intro and intermediate workouts.
High intensity interval training (HIIT) uses short bursts of intense exercise to achieve better fitness and athletic performance. HIIT workouts can be very effective for all age groups and ability levels. For beginners, the best starting point is to use less intense intervals. For example, 3 brief jogs can be mixed into a 20 minute brisk walk, as in the example below.
Intro workout 1
You can use this interval training technique with all kinds of exercises. Pick up the pace for 1 minute as you ride a bike or climb stairs, increase the intensity on the elliptical trainer or stairclimber at the gym, or find a walking route with hills. Find more exercise ideas in the article on metabolic equivalent.
Intro workout 2
Sports drills can be very beneficial for beginners. This type of workout trains multiple muscle groups at the same time and also improves balance and agility.
Tips for the sports drill workout:
1. Find a flat, open space outside or in a gym to do these exercises.
2. Pace yourself during the intervals--Work vigorously, but don't reach the point of being out of breath.
3. Start with a small step size and stay on the balls of your feet for all 4 exercises.
4. Side shuffle--the further you lower your hips and bend your knees, the harder this exercise becomes.
5. High knees--Use a vigorous arm swing and stay on your toes.
6. Backpedaling--make sure you have a clear path behind you.
7. Crossover steps (Kariocas)--the step sequence as you walk / jog to the L is: (a)R foot in front of L (b) R foot behind L. the step sequence as you walk / jog to the R is: (c)L foot in front of R (d) L foot behind R
Intermediate workout 1
This type of workout (above) can also be used for walking hills, swimming, or cardio equipment like the elliptical trainer or stairclimber.
The workout below is designed from the base movements in sports such as basketball, volleyball, tennis and football. These exercise drills are helpful for building strength and balance for those types of sports.
Intermediate workout 2
Playing sports with competitive bursts of energy can be part of your high intensity interval training. Just as with the more structured workouts, the effort you put into the exercise is the key to how much you get out of the workout. When playing sports, be conscious of your level of effort, and pace yourself so you can enjoy the entire game or match and get a good workout at the same time.
Rob Cowell, PT is the author of whyiexercise.com and Progressive Core Strengthening. whyiexercise.com was created from his knowledge and experience in physical therapy, fitness and athletics.
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